Focus on five key points to revitalize the petroch

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The comprehensive advantages of China's petrochemical industry still exist, and the trend of industrial development has not changed. Therefore, accelerating the adjustment and revitalization of the petrochemical industry should be an urgent task at present, whether in terms of coping with the international financial crisis, maintaining economic growth, or improving the status of the petrochemical industry and stimulating the development of related industries

the petrochemical industry is an important pillar industry of the national economy, with intensive resources, capital and technology, high industrial relevance and large economic aggregate. Its products are widely used in the national economy, people's life, national defense technology and other fields. It has become a necessity for industrial and agricultural production and people's daily life, and plays a decisive role in promoting the upgrading of related industries and stimulating economic growth. The contribution rate of the whole industry to the national economy is about 4%, accounting for about 10% of the whole industry, and driving GDP growth by about 1 percentage point

since the second half of 2008, due to the impact of the international financial crisis, China's petrochemical products have experienced a phased imbalance between supply and demand, which is specifically reflected in: product prices have fallen, inventories have increased, corporate losses have increased, capital shortages, production and operation difficulties, and development capacity has weakened. However, from the perspective of actual demand analysis, the consumption of petrochemical products in China is still in the growth period, the rigid demand for oil products, fertilizers and pesticides exists for a long time, and the import volume of high-end petrochemical products is large. The comprehensive advantages of China's petrochemical industry still exist, and the trend of industrial development has not changed. Therefore, accelerating the adjustment and revitalization of the petrochemical industry should be an urgent task at present, whether from the perspective of coping with the international financial crisis and maintaining economic growth, or from the perspective of improving the status of the petrochemical industry and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 270 kg a year

on May 18 this year, the state officially announced the "petrochemical industry adjustment and revitalization plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "plan"), which aims to cope with the international financial impact, speed up structural adjustment, realize industrial upgrading, enhance the momentum for development, and realize the transformation of the petrochemical industry from a big to a strong one while trying to solve the current outstanding contradictions. To implement the plan, we should focus on five key points

define six goals and implement ten policies and measures

the plan puts forward six goals, 11 key tasks and 10 policy measures to achieve the above goals and tasks for the adjustment and revitalization of China's petrochemical industry in the next three years, and defines the division of labor among various departments. We should focus on solving current and long-term problems and address both the symptoms and root causes. At present, the main problem is to stimulate domestic demand, improve the external environment, expand employment, help enterprises out of difficulties, and alleviate the impact of the international financial crisis. In the long run, we should pay attention to solving the deep-seated system and mechanism problems of industry, promote structural adjustment, and lay the foundation for the development of industry from big to strong

the 10 policies and measures proposed in the plan are not only conducive to maintaining stability and growth, but also a policy guarantee to seize opportunities and promote structural adjustment. Among them, six measures, including increasing the reserves of chemical fertilizers, speeding up the implementation of oil reserves, strengthening credit policy support, improving oil tax policies, implementing fair tax policies, and strengthening anti-dumping and anti smuggling, are not only policy measures to stabilize the current economic operation, expand the product market, solve the current difficulties of enterprises, but also important measures to maintain growth. In addition, the four measures to increase investment in technological transformation, promote enterprise mergers and acquisitions, improve industrial development policies, and support the development of overseas resources are to focus on structural adjustment, solve the problems of the petrochemical industry's own development, ensure resource supply, and promote the sustainable development of the industry

strengthen technological transformation and promote structural adjustment

since entering the 21st century, China's petrochemical industry has maintained rapid growth, the industrial scale has been expanding, and the comprehensive strength has been gradually improved. China has become a major producer and consumer of petrochemical products in the world. In 2008, China's petrochemical industry has 29700 enterprises, 5.21 million employees, total assets of 3.7 trillion yuan, output value of 5.5 trillion yuan, industrial added value of about 1.25 trillion yuan, accounting for about 4% of the national GDP; The import and export trade volume reached 292.8 billion US dollars, accounting for 11.4% of the total import and export trade volume of the country; The import volume reached 164.9 billion US dollars, equivalent to about 20% of the industrial sales revenue; Realized a trade deficit of 36.9 billion US dollars; The completed investment is about 660billion yuan. In the total industrial volume, the Yangtze River Delta, Bohai rim and Pearl River Delta account for about 2/3; Oil refining, ethylene, chemical fertilizer and high-end chemical products account for 80%; Large and medium-sized enterprises account for more than 50%; The supply and demand of 50% of products are balanced, 30% of products are in short supply, and 20% of products are in oversupply

compared with advanced countries, China's petrochemical industry still has deep-seated contradictions and problems, such as large but not strong, extensive growth mode, unreasonable structure, lack of core technology, a large number of backward production capacity in urgent need of elimination, increased resource constraints, and weak comprehensive competitiveness. For example, China's refining ethylene capacity ranks second in the world, but the degree of intensive development is low. The layout of refining ethylene in the world's petrochemical industry power is highly centralized, while China's refining ethylene production is spread over more than 20 provinces, autonomous regions and cities. At present, some coastal areas are still competing to carry out new distribution of refining ethylene projects, further dispersing the layout

therefore, the plan puts forward that industrial adjustment and revitalization must pay attention to "Four Combinations": first, adhere to the combination of stabilizing production and operation and promoting industrial revitalization, and deal with the current relationship between maintaining growth and sustainable development; Second, adhere to the combination of adjusting the product structure and increasing effective supply, and deal with the relationship between eliminating backward production capacity and meeting market demand; Third, adhere to the combination of accelerating technological transformation and promoting independent innovation, and properly handle the relationship between promoting industrial upgrading and encouraging technological innovation; Fourth, adhere to the combination of implementing major projects and adjusting industrial layout, and handle the relationship between industrial incremental development and stock optimization

<1 on the one hand, we can focus on solving the long-standing deep-seated system and mechanism problems of the petrochemical industry, promoting the adjustment of the organizational structure, technical structure, product structure and layout structure of the petrochemical industry, and enhancing international competitiveness by taking the "Four Combinations" as the basic principle, and taking measures such as improving industrial policies, setting access thresholds, establishing exit mechanisms, increasing investment in technological transformation, and promoting mergers and acquisitions, Improve the overall level

by strengthening technological transformation, eliminate backward production capacity and promote product structure adjustment. The direction and focus of technological transformation are to support the upgrading of oil quality, the structural adjustment of fertilizers and pesticides, and the development of high-end petrochemical products. Support the research and development, promotion and application of cutting-edge technologies such as isoprene rubber, the industrialization of key technologies such as butyl rubber and caprolactam, and the construction of large-scale engineering technology localization demonstration projects such as ethylene

according to the principle of controlling the total capacity and maintaining the balance between supply and demand, we will eliminate the backward refining units of 1million tons and below in the refining industry, guide the shutdown and transfer of the refining units of 1million tons to 2million tons, and prevent the new refining projects in the name of asphalt, heavy oil processing, etc. We should eliminate backward production capacity in the fertilizer industry by increasing production capacity and reducing production capacity. For the pesticide industry, a number of highly toxic and high-risk pesticide varieties will be eliminated in accordance with administrative regulations. Accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity of calcium carbide, methanol and other products, and improve the level of pollution prevention and industrial development

according to the development mode of integration, park, intensification and industrial alliance, optimize the industrial layout and upstream and downstream resource allocation, promote the strategic cooperation of large petrochemical groups, take the road of energy conservation and emission reduction, and the development of circular economy, enhance international competitiveness, and promote the adjustment of industrial organization structure and layout structure. Promote enterprise merger and reorganization, guide large energy enterprises and nitrogen fertilizer enterprises to form strategic alliances, and realize complementary advantages. Support backbone phosphate fertilizer enterprises to improve their concentration through mergers and acquisitions. Support leading enterprises of potash fertilizer to carry out industrial integration and promote the rational utilization of potash resources. Encourage advantageous pesticide enterprises to implement cross regional integration and strive to realize the upstream and downstream integration of technical drugs and preparations. We will support advantageous enterprises to merge and acquire backward and difficult enterprises, and accelerate the formation of an industrial organization system with a reasonable structure of large, medium and small enterprises and cooperation between upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain. Plan the layout of major projects and strictly control the new distribution of oil refining and ethylene projects. Promote the coordination between industrial development and the planning of national main functional areas, strengthen the investigation and planning of environmental capacity, and guide the rational layout and clean development of the petrochemical industry. Strengthen the construction of chemical industry parks and guide enterprises to gather and develop. Vigorously advocate production conservation, cleaner production, safety production and sustainable development, and do a good job in the pollution prevention and control of chromium salt, pesticides, dyes and other industries in the Yangtze River, Huaihe River and other key river basins

take high-end chemical products as a breakthrough to form a new growth point

the structure of China's petrochemical products is not very reasonable, and the supply of high-end products in the petrochemical industry exceeds demand, which requires a large number of imports; The proportion of middle and low-end products is large, and the supply exceeds the demand

frontier technology reserves and industrialization of high-end petrochemical products. Some customized products include: insufficient fruit, production technologies such as polycarbonate mainly rely on introduction, and the introduction of key technologies such as isoprene rubber is limited. Large scale and integration of complete sets of technical equipment such as million ton ethylene has not yet been localized. In 2008, the domestic ethylene equivalent self-sufficiency rate was less than 50%, the synthetic resin self-sufficiency rate was about 60%, and the self-sufficiency rate of high-end petrochemical products such as butyl rubber was less than 30%. The surplus of caustic soda, soda ash and other products is more than 20%. Only about 15% of vehicle gasoline and diesel meet the national III standard

therefore, the plan proposes to strengthen the research and development of key and cutting-edge technologies and enhance the supporting capacity of independent innovation for industrial development. Seize the opportunity to optimize resource allocation, reduce production costs, increase the proportion of medium and high-end products, promote product upgrading, enhance effective supply capacity, and meet the requirements of economic and social development. In the technological transformation investment, we will focus on supporting the development of high-end chemical products, significantly improve the self-sufficiency rate of high-end petrochemical products, and strengthen and expand the high-end petrochemical industry

improving the guarantee ability of agricultural materials and supporting agricultural production

developing agriculture is a basic national policy in China. Supporting agricultural production and ensuring the supply of agricultural materials is a key task of the petrochemical industry

at present, the fertilizer industry is in a difficult situation, with weak demand and low prices. However, the digestion of high priced raw materials in the early stage has caused high costs and serious losses. At present, although China is self-sufficient in nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers, the cost is high due to the constraints of raw material quality and imports; Potassium fertilizer is seriously insufficient due to resource constraints

in addition, China's light reserve system has not been fully established, and the market regulation ability is not strong. The proportion of high-efficiency, low toxicity and low residue pesticides is low, and the seasonal consumption and supply network of agricultural diesel is not perfect

therefore, the plan proposes to enhance the guarantee capacity of agricultural means of production, increase the proportion of chemical fertilizers in raw material producing areas to 60%, and significantly reduce production costs. In view of the characteristics of annual production and seasonal consumption of agricultural chemicals, we should reserve chemical fertilizers and basically meet the needs of market regulation, so as to significantly increase the proportion of high-efficiency, low toxicity and low residue pesticides. At the same time, support the technological transformation of chemical fertilizer and pesticide enterprises, adopt clean coal gasification and energy cascade utilization technology, adjust the raw material and power structure of existing nitrogen fertilizer enterprises, realize the diversification of raw coal and reduce costs. Large scale nitrogenous fertilizer production units should be properly built in energy producing areas to replace and replace backward production capacity. Optimize the allocation of phosphate fertilizer resources, promote the comprehensive utilization of low-grade phosphate rock and sulfur, and continue to build three phosphate fertilizer bases in Yunnan, Guizhou and Hubei. Increase the exploration and development of potash resources at home and abroad, and scientifically plan potash fertilizer in Qinghai and Xinjiang

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